The Florence Access-to-Justice Project in Law and in Context: Mauro Cappelletti as Importer, Exporter, and Academic Entrepreneur

SKU: 9916179002
Autore:
Garth Giacomo
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L’articolo offre una lettura personale e storica del grandioso Progetto fiorentino ‘Access to Justice’ ideato da Mauro Cappelletti negli anni Settanta. Riflettendo sulla figura del Maestro, a tratti complicata, sulle sue intuizioni e sugli effetti che il movimento ha avuto e tutt’oggi ha non solo negli Stati Uniti, ma anche in altre parti del mondo, l’Autore descrive Cappelletti come un entrepreneur di grande successo. Il contributo si articola in tre parti. La prima ricostruisce, anche sotto il profilo storico, la nascita del progetto ‘Access to Justice’, gli elementi fondanti e gli scopi che con esso gli Autori hanno voluto perseguire. La seconda parte analizza il cambio d’orientamento che ha subito il Progetto, la cui inziale visione tesa a creare un “movimento mondiale per l’accesso alla giustizia” è venuta meno. La terza ed ultima parte, invece, si presenta più squisitamente speculativa. Per cui, secondo l’autore, oggi Cappelletti proseguirebbe quell’esperienza dirigendo il proprio occhio indagatore verso la varietà di corti e fori internazionali e transnazionali che ormai popolano la scena mondiale.

The article offers a peculiar and rather personal version of the events that led to the Florence Access-to-Justice Project, which occupied the attention of Mauro Cappelletti for the decade of the 1970s. Reflecting on Cappelletti’s career in Italy before they met and the constant frictions that characterized Cappelletti’s relationship with the civil procedural establishment in Italy, which eventually led him to ally with the United States and the more general transatlantic community, the Author portrays Cappelletti as a very successful academic entrepreneur. Then, this contribution will proceed in three parts. The first will revisit the Project itself, in particular its scholarly and policy orientation, its basic publications, and the basic accomplishments. The Project has a very strong normative orientation dressed up as an empirical description of three waves of a worldwide movement to make rights effective. The second part will discuss what happened to the positive vision articulated in the Project – the retreat from what we portrayed as a “worldwide movement for access to justice.” The third part will then be somewhat more speculative, seeking to situate the Project in a broader social context. The Author then concludes that today, Cappelletti, with his sense of entrepreneurship and his ability to redefine civil procedural scholarship to become relevant to new issues and trends, would be involved in projects dedicated to the role of procedure in numerous global issues and organizations.
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